Baklava is a popular dessert pastry that is made in many countries in the Middle East, as well as in Greece, Turkey, and the Balkans. It is made of layers of filo dough (thin pastry sheets) filled with chopped nuts, usually walnuts or pistachios, and sweetened with syrup or honey. The layers of filo dough are brushed with butter or oil and baked until they become crispy and golden brown. After baking, the pastry is cut into small diamond-shaped or square pieces and often garnished with more nuts.
Baklava is known for its rich, sweet flavor and flaky texture. It is a beloved dessert in many cultures and is often served on special occasions and holidays. The exact origins of baklava are debated, but it is widely agreed that it has a long history in the Middle East and Mediterranean region, with various countries having their own versions of the dessert.
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