A martini is a classic cocktail that typically consists of gin and vermouth, garnished with an olive or lemon twist. It is one of the most iconic and enduring cocktails, known for its elegance and simplicity. The exact origins of the martini are debated, but it is believed to have originated in the United States in the late 19th century or early 20th century.

Traditionally, a martini is made by combining gin and dry vermouth in a mixing glass with ice, stirring or shaking until well chilled, and then straining the mixture into a martini glass. The proportions of gin to vermouth can vary depending on personal preference, ranging from a dry martini with a higher ratio of gin to a wet martini with more vermouth.

Over the years, the martini has evolved, and variations have emerged. Vodka martinis, made with vodka instead of gin, have gained popularity. Other variations include flavored martinis, such as the appletini or espresso martini, which incorporate different liqueurs or ingredients to add unique flavors.

Despite its variations, the classic martini is often associated with sophistication and elegance, and it remains a popular choice at bars and cocktail parties around the world.

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