Cheese is a dairy product made from the curdled milk of various animals, most commonly cows, goats, and sheep. It is produced by coagulating the milk proteins with the help of rennet or an acidic substance, and then separating the liquid whey from the solid curds. The curds are typically pressed and aged, resulting in a wide variety of textures, flavors, and aromas.

As for the number of cheese varieties, there are numerous types of cheese available worldwide. It’s challenging to provide an exact count because different regions have their own traditional varieties, and new cheeses are constantly being developed. However, I can give you a general idea of the variety.

There are several well-known types of cheese, such as Cheddar, Swiss, Mozzarella, Brie, Camembert, Feta, Gouda, Parmesan, and Blue Cheese. These are just a few examples, and within each type, there can be further variations based on aging, ingredients, and production methods.

In France alone, there are over 1,000 different types of cheese. Across Europe, where cheese has a rich history, you can find countless regional specialties and unique artisanal creations. Other countries, such as the United States, Australia, and Canada, have also developed their own cheese-making traditions and offer a diverse range of cheese varieties.

In conclusion, while it’s difficult to provide an exact number, it’s safe to say that there are hundreds, if not thousands, of different cheese varieties worldwide, each with its own distinct characteristics and flavors.

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